Sunday, July 21, 2024

Cloud migration Best practices: Strategy optimization

Discover the essential steps for planning your cloud migration strategy to ensure a seamless transition to the cloud.

As the digital world changed, cloud migration helped firms improve productivity, scalability, and security. Cloud migration moves data, apps, and on-premises infrastructure to the cloud. A company’s operations must adapt drastically.  

Why go to the cloud?

There are several reasons to go from on-premises to cloud. Businesses are adopting cloud infrastructure for its scalability, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness. Recent figures show increased enterprises using cloud services for operational and financial savings.  

Cloud-based collaboration tools boost productivity and allow distant work. Businesses may lower their carbon footprint by migrating to the cloud. 

Cloud companies also upgrade their services with new features, security fixes, and technologies.

Types of Cloud migration

Organizational demands and IT infrastructure determine cloud adoption and migration techniques and situations. Cloud migration best practices must be understood for success. 

Complete data center migration

Complete data center transfer entails cloud movement of all firm data.  This migration method is used by enterprises that want to take advantage of cloud scalability, flexibility, and sophisticated capabilities. By moving all data and activities to the cloud, companies may save expenses and eliminate on-premises deployments.

Hybrid cloud migration

Hybrid cloud migration involves moving some resources to the cloud and certain data on-premises. This method fits enterprises with data compliance obligations that need to maintain sensitive or vital data on-premises while using the cloud for other activities. The hybrid strategy lets companies progressively migrate to the cloud, reducing migration risks while enjoying cloud scalability and flexibility.

Cloud-to-cloud migration

Organizations migrate resources between clouds in cloud-to-cloud migration. This migration type seeks cost efficiency or security.

Multicloud migration

Strategic multicloud migration uses services or resources from various cloud service providers. Multicloud environments use SaaS solutions for portability and a centralized management console to orchestrate enterprise applications across PaaS and IaaS offerings from leading cloud vendors like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP).

Migration to cloud strategy

Organizations use different cloud migration tactics depending on their requirements. Rehosting, re-platforming, refactoring, repurchasing, and retiring. 

Rehosting

Lift and Shift, or rehosting, includes migrating programs from on-premises to cloud without major modifications.  

Re-platforming

Re-platforming migrations optimize apps before shifting them to the cloud. 

Refactoring

Applications are refactored to use cloud-native capabilities. Monolithic programs are commonly split into microservices for cloud scalability in this migration type. 

Repurchasing 

Repurchasing replaces an app with a SaaS equivalent. Instead of transferring the program to the cloud, organizations choose a suitable SaaS solution.

Retiring

Decommissioning old or useless apps during transfer called retiring. It reduces maintenance expenditures and unnecessary resources.

Common cloud migration issues 

Performance bottlenecks 

Testing moved resources might cause performance bottlenecks, making cloud migrations difficult. Identifying bottlenecks, latency, problems, and other performance concerns is necessary while moving to the cloud. These concerns must be addressed during testing to ensure that applications and services run smoothly post-migration, reducing interruptions and optimizing end-user performance.

Cost overruns 

Cost estimation and control throughout cloud migration and beyond is difficult. Cloud services may save long-term costs, but data transfer, re-architecture, and training can be costly during migration. Without effective monitoring and optimization, cloud use expenses may quickly rise, causing budget overruns and financial hardship. Organizations must establish strong cost management strategies, use cost optimization technologies, and regularly monitor and adapt their cloud resources to support cost-efficiency and business goals.

Resource and time commitment 

Due to the complexity of cloud migration initiatives, success requires substantial time and resource investment. These projects need careful planning, rigorous testing, and trained workers, which may drain resources and distract from other important corporate tasks. Cloud migration projects need careful planning and resource allocation to avoid operational interruptions and project failure.

Performance and scalability 

Despite cloud computing’s scalability, cloud migrations face performance and scalability issues. As the company grows, the cloud solution must be able to handle growing data and processing needs. A quickly developing online gaming firm going to the cloud for scalability may have challenges if auto-scaling capabilities are not enabled properly. This might cause poor performance or unexpectedly high costs during peak traffic times, emphasizing the significance of comprehensive planning and testing for cloud scalability and performance.

Supplier lockdown 

Companies risk becoming reliant on a single cloud provider’s unique services, APIs, and pricing structures due to vendor lock-in. This reliance may reduce flexibility, hinger innovation, and expense over time. Data transfer costs, re-architecture, and software rewrites make switching cloud providers difficult and expensive. To avoid being trapped into one cloud vendor’s ecosystem, carefully analyze your cloud strategy, embrace multi-cloud or hybrid cloud architectures, and use cloud-agnostic solutions wherever feasible.

Service interruption 

Service interruptions are difficult during a move from on-premises to cloud migration because mission-critical apps and services are complicated. Changing network settings, moving significant amounts of data, and adopting cloud-native designs are common when migrating workloads from on-premises data centers to the cloud. Interruptions or outages during this transition may cost your company money, productivity, and reputation. You must provide continuous service to avoid interruptions and continue company operations throughout relocation.

How to prevent cloud migration issues

Cloud migration has numerous advantages, but it also has obstacles. An effective strategic approach is essential for a smooth migration and overcoming possible obstacles, but it is not enough to prevent them. What you need is a comprehensive solution that manages, automates, and continuously optimizes your cloud environment in real time and helps you plan and execute a successful cloud migration, whether from on-premises to the cloud or between cloud providers. IBM Turbonomic supports private and public cloud providers.

With IBM Turbonomic, you can avoid cloud migration issues like

  • Service disruptions: Dynamically optimizes workloads and resource allocation for continuous operations.
  • Insights and suggestions for workload distribution across several cloud providers reduce vendor lock-in.
  • Cost overruns: Optimizes resource use and gives insights to manage cloud expenditure during and after migration.
  • Resource and time commitments: Workload allocation and optimization are automated, simplifying migration.
  • Dynamically detecting and fixing workload performance bottlenecks for seamless post-migration operation.

Cloud migration edition IBM Turbonomic What-If Planning 

What-If planning scenarios make IBM Turbonomic unique in its ability to ensure a seamless cloud migration despite hurdles. The IBM Turbonomic ‘Migrate to Cloud’ strategy provides foresight and strategic insight for a smooth cloud migration. 

The strategy replicates VM migration from on-premises to cloud or between cloud providers. This plan optimizes performance and cost by choosing the best cloud resources for your VMs and volumes. The proposal may also suggest switching workloads from on-demand to discounted pricing and buying additional discounts.

The ‘Migrate to Cloud’ package covers computing, services (such IP services), and license fees depending on your cloud provider’s agreed invoicing and pricing modifications. The package includes discounted purchases for VMs qualifying for discounts. 

Plan results show:

  • Predicted costs
  • Steps to migrate and improve costs and performance
  • Best cloud instances for resource efficiency and application performance
  • Moving workloads from on-demand to reduced pricing saves money.
  • Discounts to buy

Turbonomic displays Lift and Shift and improved cloud migration outcomes. Turbonomic illustrates VM migration to cloud instances that meet their resource allotment for Lift and Shift results. Turbonomic actively optimizes cost and performance in its optimized strategy. Turbonomic finds over-provisioning by analyzing previous VM resource use. In an optimal migration scenario, Turbonomic would recommend moving these VMs to cheaper instances without affecting performance, demonstrating the cost savings. Turbonomic also gives charts of historical use data for efficient migration analysis.

Turbonomic simulates cloud migrations to help companies identify and resolve issues like resource restrictions and performance bottlenecks before deployment. This feature helps firms improve their migration strategy, avoid risks, lower cloud expenses, and maximize cloud migration success. Turbonomic’s What-If planning helps enterprises safely migrate to the cloud and accomplish their goals with little interruption.

Thota nithya
Thota nithya
Thota Nithya has been writing Cloud Computing articles for govindhtech from APR 2023. She was a science graduate. She was an enthusiast of cloud computing.
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